Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía is a continuation of the Revista de Biología Marina, founded in 1948 by Dr. Parmenio Yáñez, head of the Estación de Biología Marina at the Universidad de Chile. The goal was to link the Estación de Biología Marina with other marine research centers, revealing the activities and results of marine science studies in a national scientific publication while also acting as an instrument to update knowledge, a “scientific and technical archive in Spanish”. Dr. Yáñez remained as editor and director until 1959. During that time, the journal published three issues per volume, one volume released annually, and printing was done externally.
In 1960 the new director, Prof. Héctor Etcheverry changed the name of the journal to “Montemar”, with four issues per year and a new cover design. Although, the following year from volume 12 onwards, the original name of "Revista de Biología Marina" was restored, with three issues per volume.
In 1967, for a short period of time, Dr. Anelio Aguayo assumed the role of Editor-in-chief. During this time the journal remained unchanged.
Between 1968-1979 Prof. Luis Ramorino was Editor and Director. In 1970 the journal incorporated editorial staff with national researchers external to the Universidad de Chile. Also this year the journal again changed its cover design.
During 1980 and 1981 Prof. Miguel Padilla directed and edited the journal, and the printing was completed in the printing works of the Universidad de Valparaíso.
In 1982, Prof. Luis Ramorino resumes as Editor and director, but under the recently created Universidad de Valparaíso. The journal was officially declared an internal circulation publication sponsored by the Universidad de Valparaíso, authorized by the Rectoría decree Nº413 of September 15, 1982. In 1983 the editorial staff incorporated for the first time, four foreign researchers. At this time the journal published two issues per annual volume. During the period 1993 to 1994 the printing of the journal was financially supported by CONICYT, through to competitive selection.
From 1996 to 1999 Prof. Fernando Balbontín served as Editor and director. In 1997 the journal name once again changes to Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía (RBMO), in order to recognize and enhance the scope Oceanography in all subject areas: biological, physics and chemistry. Along with this, the journal presented a new cover design.
From 2000 until mid 2002 Prof. Sergio Avaria directed and edited the journal, continuing with the publication of two issues per year.
From August 2002 until early 2010, Prof. Bernardita Campos directed and edited the journal. During that time the journal began a new working method that involved many processes. In 2003 the editorial board incorporated more renowned national and foreign researchers. In 2004 the first web site for the journal was created, which in 2007 incorporated all the papers published in print, full text and open access for download (project RBIOLMAR07P39 by CONICYT). During 2005 the printing of the journal was again financially supported by CONICYT and was indexed in SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library On line) after fulfilling the conditions established by SciELO-Chile. In 2007 the journal was incorporated into the scientific publications data base ISI Thomson, now Thomson Reuters, becoming the first Chilean scientific publication of marine science to obtain this recognition. Since 2007, the journal re-publishes three issues per annual volume and has outsourced the printing service. As of the 2008 volume the cover design was modified. During 2010 editorial aspects were improved in regards to the production of printed and online versions of papers, under the support of CONICYT (Project FP0919). Furthermore in 2011 the journal presents a new and improved web site with advanced tools and more information for the readers.
In 2010 Dr. Ricardo Bravo assumed as Editor-in-chief while Dr. Gabriela Muñoz and Dr. Mauricio Landaeta became editors. This year for the first time a special volume was published in memory of Chilean ichthyologist, Prof. Ismael Kong, who became deceased in 2008.
Alongside the work of editors, through the years of the RBM&O, join the collaboration of several national and international researchers who have been part on the Editorial Committee and external referees. Besides, it is remarkable the fact that the journal exists thanks to an integrated team conformed by personnel of the University fulfilling secretariat roles, layout, text editing, improved figures and tables, binding and printing, which made possible the continuous operation of the journal through the years.
Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía began as a local journal that in a couple of years became known nationally. Subsequently, the international spread has gained over time, mainly for the exchange of journals that the Library of the Universidad de Valparaíso continues today with other institutions, and which are regularly received several marine science journals. This has allowed the RBM&O is currently distributed in over 200 institutions around the world.
In the 90’s and with technological development, began to arrive, most often, scientific contributions from other Latin-American countries. Currently, about 50% of their articles were on foreign contributions.
Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía is indexed in major international bibliographic databases, highlighting SciELO and Thomson Reuters.
Financing and development
Most RBM&O financing has been assumed by the Universidad de Valparaíso. Only 1993 and 1994, the journal received grant from Fondo de Publicaciones Científicas, through CONICYT (Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica).
Currently, funding for the magazine is made possible by financial support from the Universidad de Valparaíso and payment for publication by the authors.
Part of the developing that RBM&O obtained in the last years, has been achieved through the award of two projects of the Fondo de Publicación de Revistas Científicas of CONICYT, in 2007 and 2009 years:
CONCURSO FONDO DE PUBLICACIÓN DE REVISTAS CIENTÍFICAS CHILENAS - 2007 - RBIOLMAR07P39
“Fortalecimiento de la difusión y posicionamiento de la Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía (RBMO) en la comunidad internacional”. Aimed to optimize the dissemination of published articles.
CONCURSO FONDO DE PUBLICACIONES DE REVISTAS CIENTÍFICAS 2015 - 2009 - FP0919
“Mejoramiento del proceso de edición, del acceso y visibilidad de la Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía (RBMO)”. Aimed to improve the time of publication and enabling a more flexible website to improve the current ways of accessing the resources deployed in the journal.